Title: Chaotic regimes for random dynamical systems (special colloquium)

Date: 01/14/2019

Time: 4:10 PM - 5:00 PM

Place: C304 Wells Hall

It is anticipated that chaotic regimes (characterized by, e.g., sensitivity with respect to initial conditions and loss of memory) arise in a wide variety of dynamical systems, including those arising from the study of ensembles of gas particles and fluid mechanics. However, in most cases the problem of rigorously verifying asymptotic chaotic regimes is notoriously difficult. For volume-preserving systems (e.g., incompressible fluid flow or Hamiltonian systems), these issues are exemplified by coexistence phenomena: even in quite simple models which should be chaotic, e.g. the Chirikov standard map, completely opposite dynamical regimes (elliptic islands vs. hyperbolic sets) can be tangled together in phase space in a convoluted way.
Recent developments have indicated, however, that verifying chaos is tractable for systems subjected to a small amount of noise— from the perspective of modeling, this is not so unnatural, as the real world is inherently noisy. In this talk, I will discuss two recent results: (1) a large positive Lyapunov exponent for (extremely small) random perturbations of the Chirikov standard map, and (2) a positive Lyapunov exponent for the Lagrangian flow corresponding to various incompressible stochastic fluids models, including stochastic 2D Navier-Stokes and 3D hyperviscous Navier-Stokes on the periodic box. The work in this talk is joint with Jacob Bedrossian, Samuel Punshon-Smith, Jinxin Xue and Lai-Sang Young.

Speaker: Goncalo Oliveira, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro

Title: Gauge theory on Aloff-Wallach spaces

Date: 01/16/2019

Time: 1:40 PM - 3:00 PM

Place: C517 Wells Hall

I will describe joint work with Gavin Ball constructing and classifying G2-instantons on Aloff-Wallach spaces, which are the most interesting known examples of compact "nearly-parallel" G2-manifolds.

I will discuss joint work with Michael Singer and Karsten Fritzsch on compactifications of the moduli spaces $M_k$ of $\mathrm{SU}(2)$ magnetic monopoles on $\mathbf{R}^3$ . Via a geometric gluing procedure, we construct manifolds with corners compactifying the $M_k$ , the boundaries of which represent monopoles of charge $k$ decomposing into widely separated ‘monopole clusters' of lower charge. The hyperkahler metric on $M_k$ has a complete asymptotic expansion, the leading terms of which generalize the asymptotic metric discovered by Bielawski, Gibbons and Manton in the case that the monopoles are all widely separated. From the structure of the compactification, we are able to make partial progress toward proving Sen's conjecture for $L^2$ cohomology of the moduli spaces.

Title: More on Scattering Diagram and Theta Functions

Date: 01/17/2019

Time: 3:00 PM - 4:00 PM

Place: C117 Wells Hall

I will continue the discussion on scattering diagram and theta functions and relate them to the classical cluster theories. I will sketch Gross-Hacking-Keel-Kontsevich’s proofs of positive Laurent phenomenon, sign coherence, and a weak version of the cluster duality conjecture.